It turns out deep learning is very good at manipulating video in terrifying ways.
A video that has been generated or altered using deep learning algorithms. Unlike previously available video editing tools, deep learning can generate videos that are nearly impossible to differentiate from real videos.
The AI model that powers deepfakes is called a generative adversarial network (GAN) and it was invented in 2014 by a researcher named Ian Goodfellow. Since then, people have created software that allows anyone with basic programming skills to generate deepfakes.
The term "deepfake" was coined in 2017 on the Reddit forum '/r/deepfakes' where people posted fake celebrity pornographic videos. Despite the growing concern by government officials about the weaponization of deepfakes for political purposes, they are still primarily used to generate fake pornography of women.